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WAEC Past Questions and Answers 2024

Get the WAEC Past Questions and Answers for 2024 here which are essential study materials to excel in the West African Senior School Certificate Examination.

WAEC

The West African Examinations Council (WAEC) is a legally established examination board tasked with determining and conducting essential exams for the public welfare in English-speaking West African nations. Its inception dates back to 1952, and the council has significantly contributed to the education systems of Anglophone West African countries like Ghana, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Liberia, and the Gambia.

WAEC’s role includes organizing various examinations, granting internationally comparable certificates, and actively supporting education through lectures and aid for underserved individuals. Dr. Adeyegbe, a former WAEC Nigeria HNO, commended the council for its proficient staff and relevant examinations aligned with member countries’ educational goals.

With over three million candidates registering annually, WAEC remains a prominent and globally recognized examination body in West Africa. Moreover, the council collaborates with other local and international examination bodies to facilitate coordinated assessments.

WAEC Past Questions and Answers 2024

WAEC Past Questions and Answers for 2024 are a valuable resource containing previously administered West African Senior School Certificate Examination materials and their corresponding solutions. These documents assist students in preparing for the upcoming exam by providing insights into the format, types of questions, and expected answers.

They are essential for effective revision, helping candidates become familiar with the examination pattern and assess their knowledge gaps. By studying these materials, students can improve their exam readiness and increase their chances of achieving better results in the WAEC 2024 examination, ultimately supporting their educational aspirations and future endeavors.

We have listed below the WAEC Past Questions and Answers 2024 for a few subjects.

Commerce 

1. List and explain four activities of those engaged in commercial occupation.

ANS: (i) Banking: Those working as bankers provide facilities for saving, borrowing, investing, and payments for business transactions.

(ii) Advertising: Advertising practitioners inform potential buyers and sellers about the existence, nature, use, and price of goods and services through various advertising media.

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(iii) Insurance: Insurers provide cover for business risks and compensation in case of loss etc.

2. Explain five benefits that would be derived and five losses that would be suffered when a Sole trader admits other partners.

ANS: (a) Benefits to a Sole Trader

(i) Better decision making

(ii) Possibility of more profit

(iii) a greater degree of continuity etc.

(b) Losses to Sole Trader

(i) The death of a general partner may collapse the business

(ii) Disagreement among members can affect the smooth running of the business

(iii) Actions of a partner are binding on the firm. Therefore misconduct of an unscrupulous partner may ruin the business.

3. List and explain four documents involved in the formation of a Public Limited Company.

ANS: (a) Declaration:

(i) This is a statement in writing to the registrar of Companies by the promoter.

(ii) It is states that the requirement of the companies have been compiled with

(iii) It is a declaration that adequate capital has been raised etc.

(b) Trading Certificate:

(I) This is document issued by the Registrar of companies

(II) It gives the public company the right to commence the business for which it was formed, etc.

4 (a) Explain the following:

(i) counter trade;

(ii) entreport trade;

(iii) import trade;

(iv) invisible trade.

(b) State four burners to International trade.

ANS: (i) Counter Trade: This is a system of International trade where countries instead of paying cash for the goods they purchase from other Countries will pay.

(ii) Entreport Trade: This is a system of trade where goods imported into a country are re-exported while the goods are still in the same form as they were received.

(iii) Import Trade: This is a system of trade where goods are brought into a country from another country.

(iv) Invisible Trade: This is a type of International trade involving intangible products such as services or Banking, shipping services colu require payment of money.

Biology

 A cell is a functional unit of living organisms due to

A. Multicellular organisms are made up of cells

B. All cells in a multicellular organism function as a single-cell

C. The function of a multicellular organism is the sum total of the functions of its constituent cells

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D. The function of a single cell is superior to that of the multicellular organism

E. the cells of a multicellular organism are similar in structure

ANSWER: A ( multicellular organisms are made up of cells )

2. The organelle that eliminates water from the body of protozoa is

A. Plasma membrane

B. Contractile vacuole

C. Cell wall

D. Protoplasm

E. Nucleus

ANSWER: B ( contractile vacuole )

3. Spirogyra is known to be a multicellular plant due to ____

A. Its cells are linked together by cytoplasmic strands

B. Its cells are joined to form organs

C. The cylindrical cells are linked end to end

D. The filaments consist of one cell only

E. It is an alga containing large vacuoles

ANSWER: A ( its cells are linked together by cytoplasmic strands )

4. The mechanism of gaseous exchange in living organisms is controlled by ____

A. Osmosis

B. Inhalation

C. Diffusion

D. Exhalation

E. Breathing

ANSWER: C (diffusion)

5. Which of the following statement is true about diffusion?

A. it involves the movement of water molecules only

B. Molecules move from a region of higher concentration to a region of lower concentration

C. differentially permeable membrane must be present for diffusion to occur

D. It involves when a solute can no longer dissolve in a solvent of only solute molecules into the Bowman’s capsule

E. It occurs when a solute can no longer dissolve in a solvent

ANSWER: E (It occurs when a solute can no longer dissolve in a solvent)

Chemistry

1. What condition favours the formation of the product for the endothermic reaction, N2O4(g) —><—– 2NO2(g)

A. Decrease in pressure

B. A decrease in volume

C. An increase in pressure

D. A constant volume

ANSWER: A ( Decrease in pressure)

2. How many alkoxy alkanes can be obtained from the molecular formula C4 H4O4

A. 1

B. 2

C. 3

D. 4

ANSWER: C (3)

3. Element Y has two isotopes Y and Y present in the ratio 1:3. The relative atomic mass of Y would be

A. 20.5

B. 21

C. 21.5

D. 22

ANSWER: C (21.5)

4. 100.0g of KClO3 was added to 40.0 cm^3 of water to give a saturated solution at 298K. If the solubility of the salt is 20.0 moldm^-3 at 298K, what percentage of the salt is left undissolved? {K= 39, Cl = 35.5, O = 16}

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A. 80%

B. 60%

C. 5%

D. 2%

5. Elements X and Y have electronic configuration 1S22S22P4 and 1S22S22P63S23P1 respectively. When they combine the formula of the compound formed is

A. XY

B. Y2X3

C. Y2 X3

D. Y X2

ANSWER: B (Y2X3)

6. A solution of 0.20 mole of NaBr and 0.20 mole of MgBr2 in 2.0 dm3 of water is to be analysed. How many moles of Pb(NO3 )2 must be added to precipitate all the bromide as insoluble PbBr2

A. 0.30 mol

B. 0.10 mol

C. 0.20 mol

D. 0.40 mol

ANSWER: A (0.30 mol)

7. Na2CO3 + HCl —-> NaHCO3 + NaCl. The indicator most suitable for this reaction should have pH equal to.

A. 3

B. 5

C. 7

D. 9

ANSWER: D (9)

8. A satuarted solution of silver trioxocarbonate (IV), was found to have concentration of 1.30 x 10-5 moldm-3 . The solubility product of the trioxocarbonate (IV) is

A. 8.79 x 10-15

B. 1.69 x 10-10

C. 1.82 x 10-11

D. 9.84 x 10-10

ANSWER: A (8.79 x 10-15)

9. When platinum electodes are used during the electrolysis of copper (II) tetraoxosulphate (IV) solution, the solution gets progressive

A. Acidic

B. Basic

C. Neutral

D. Atmospheric

ANSWER: A (Acidic)

10. Tetraoxosulphate (VI) ions are final test using

A. Acidified silver nitrate

B. Acidic barium chloride

C. Lime water

D. Dilute hydrochloric acid

ANSWER: D (Dilute hydrochloric acid)

WAEC Subjects

S/N

Subject Name

1

COMMERCE

2

FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING

3

CHRISTIAN RELIGIOUS STUDIES

4

ECONOMICS

5

GEOGRAPHY

6

GOVERNMENT

7

HISTORY

8

ISLAMIC STUDIES

9

LITERATURE IN ENGLISH

10

CIVIC EDUCATION

11

ARABIC

12

ENGLISH LANGUAGE

13

FRENCH

14

HAUSA

15

IGBO

16

YORUBA

17

FURTHER MATHEMATICS

18

GENERAL MATHEMATICS

19

AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE

20

BIOLOGY

21

CHEMISTRY

22

HEALTH EDUCATION/HEALTH SCIENCE

23

PHYSICAL EDUCATION

24

PHYSICS

25

AUTO MECHANICS

26

BUILDING CONSTRUCTION

27

METAL WORK

28

TECHNICAL DRAWING

29

WOODWORK

30

BASIC ELECTRICITY

31

BASIC ELECTRONICS

32

CLOTHING AND TEXTILES

33

FOODS AND NUTRITION

34

HOME MANAGEMENT

35

MUSIC

36

VISUAL ART

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